DENTAL DICTIONARY

A| B| C| D| E| F| G| H| I| J| K| L| M| N| O| P| Q| R| S| T| U| V| W| X| Y| Z

Abscess

A collection of pus. Usuallyforms because of infection.

Abutment

A tooth or tooth structurewhich is responsible for the anchorage of a bridge or a denture.

Amalgam

A silver filling material.

Anesthetic

An agent that causes temporaryloss of sensation/feeling.

Anterior

The front position.

Apex

The end of the root.

Asepsis

No micro-organism.

Attrition

Wear of teeth due to activitiessuch as chewing.

Avulsed

An injury that causes a toothto be completely knocked out of the mouth.

Bitewing

A kind of dental x-ray which istaken with the teeth bite together. The main function of this kind of x-ray isto detect cavities in between teeth and height of bone support.

Bleaching

Whitening of teeth.

Bridge

A prosthesis which is fixedinside the mouth to replace missing teeth.

Bruxism

Teeth grinding.

Canine

The third tooth from the middleof the jaw. There are four of them. They are the longest teeth in humans.

Cankersore

An ulceration with yellow baseand red border in mouth. It can be caused by trauma or herpes simplex virus.

Caries

Tooth decay.

Cavity

A hole on the tooth.

Cast

A model of teeth.

Cementation

The process of"gluing" the appliance/prosthesis on the associated area.

Chlorhexidine

An anti-microbial agent. It isavailable in many forms such as gels and rinses. It is an effective agent incontrolling gum diseases.

Clasp

A metal arm extended from aremovable partial denture. It helps to hold onto natural tooth structure andthus provide anchorage for the denture.

Coldsore

An ulcer or blister on lip. Aform of herpes simplex.

Composite

White filling.

Cross-bite

An abnormal bite relationshipof upper and lower jaw. The lower teeth/tooth align toward the check/ lip sidemore than the upper teeth/tooth.

Crown(porcelain/plastic/metal)

A crown is almost like a"cap" on a tooth. It covers the tooth partially or totally above thegum to restore its function and outlook.

Decay

A soft substance caused by thebacterial demineralization of enamel and dentin. An infection within a tooth.Must be treated.

Dentistry

A branch of medicine thatinvolves diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of any disease concerning teeth,oral cavity, and associated structures.

Dentition

The position, type, and numberof teeth in upper and lower jaw.

Denture

(Immediate/complete/partial)(overdenture, temporary)
An artificial object to replace missing teeth and their neighboring structures.There are many different types of denture to satisfy different treatmentrequirements and patient preferences.

Denturist

The person who specializes infabricating dentures. A Denturist is not responsible for making any type ofdiagnosis or carrying out any other treatment (e.g. removing teeth).

Desensitization

A procedure to reduce thesensitivity of teeth.

Diagnosis

The process of identifyingdental disease.

Diastema

The space between two adjacentteeth.

Distal

A direction indication in themouth. It indicates the direction away from the middle of the jaw.

Edentulous

No teeth.

Endodontics

A department of dentistryinvolving diagnosis, prevention and treatment of dental pulp (where the nervesand blood vessels are inside the tooth).

Eruption

The process of the toothappearing in the mouth.

Excision

The action of cutting somethingoff.

Extruded

When a tooth may be pushedpartially out of the socket.

Filling

A restoration placed on a toothto restore its function and appearance.

Flipper

A temporary denture to replacemissing teeth during the waiting period for long term treatment.

Floss

A thread/tape that goes inbetween teeth for cleaning.

Fluoride

A compound of fluorine (anelement) which be put in different forms such as water, gels, and rinses tostrengthen teeth.

FluorideTreatment

Teeth treatment with fluorideagents like gel or rinse. It helps to prevent tooth decay.

Fracture

When a cusp of a tooth becomesweakened, a fracture may result. It is possible for the crack to extend furtherinto the root and damage to the pulp is commonplace.

Framework

A metal skeleton of a removablepartial denture to support the false teeth and the plastic attachments.

Gingivitis

The mildest form of gumdisease: inflammation of gum. The earliest sign is bleeding gum.

Hemorrhage

Bleeding

Hemostasis

Stop bleeding.

Impaction

A condition where a tooth isnot able to come in normally or is stuck underneath another tooth or bone.

Implant

A device (usually"screw-like") put in the jaw bone to support a false tooth, a dentureor a bridge.

Impression

A mold taken by some jelly-likematerial loaded on a tray.

Incisal

The cutting edge of frontteeth.

Incisor

The four upper and lower frontteeth.

Inlay

A restoration (usually gold,composite or ceramics) fabricated in the lab that cements on a tooth like amissing puzzle piece. It helps to restore the normal function and outlook ofthe tooth.

Interproximal

The space between two adjacentteeth.

J

K

Lingual

The side of the tooth towardsthe tongue.

Mesial

The side of the tooth towardsthe middle of the jaw.

Molar

The last three upper and lowerteeth on both sides of the mouth.

Mouthguard

A device to be worn in themouth. Depending on the design of it, it prevents injury to teeth and/or jawduring teeth grinding or sport events.

Nightguard

A mouthguard which is worn atnight time.

Occlusal

The biting surface of the backteeth.

Occlusion

The way how the upper and lowerteeth close together.

Onlay

A restoration covers the entirebiting surface of a tooth.

Openbite

The situation where the upperteeth not able to contact the opposing lower teeth.

Orthodontics

A special field in dentistrywhich involves diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of bite abnormalities orfacial irregularities.

Overbite

The overlap of upper teeth andlower teeth when they close together.

Overhang

The portion of filling materialthat hangs beyond the border of the cavity.

Palate

The roof of the mouth.

PanoramicRadiograph

An x-ray film used to obtainthe wide view of upper and lower jaw and their associated structures.

Perforation

An opening on a tooth or otheroral structure.

Periapical

The surrounding of the bottomof the root of a tooth.

Periodontics

A specialty of dentistryinvolves diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of gum (periodontal) disease.

Permanentteeth

Adult's teeth. The firstpermanent tooth usually comes in around 6 years old.

Pin

A piece of"nail-like" metal. It usually is used for better retention of afilling.

Polish

A process to make the tooth orfilling or other denture smooth and glossy.

Pontic

The false tooth in a bridge ordenture to replace the missing tooth.

Post

A big pin which can be madewith different materials such as metal or carbon. Its function usually is tosupport a big buildup on a tooth.

Posterior

Located at the back.

Pre-authorization

An approval from the particularauthority (usually insurance company in dentistry) before any action(treatment) is carried out.

Pre-medication

Medication needing to be takenbefore treatment.

Premolar

The two teeth located in frontof the molar.

Prescription

A written statement (from adoctor to a pharmacist) regarding the type, the amount and direction of the useof a medication for a patient. In dentistry, a prescription can also be awritten statement for preparation of an appliance from a dentist to a labtechnician.

Primaryteeth

Baby teeth.

Prophylaxis/prophy

The procedure of teethpolishing. It also means the prevention of diseases.

Prosthesis

An artificial part to replacemissing teeth and their associated structures.

Prosthodontics

A specialty of dentistryinvolving diagnosis, treatment planning, and fabrication of artificial parts toreplace missing teeth and their associated structures.

Pulp

The innermost part of a tooth.It contains nerves and blood vessels inside a tooth.

Pulpectomy

The removal of the whole pulpinside a tooth.

Pulpotomy

The removal of the top part ofthe pulp inside a tooth.

Q

Radiograph

An x-ray picture.

Recall

The regular checkup and teethcleaning appointment.

Recementation

The process of"gluing" the appliance/prosthesis back on the associated area.

Restoration

An item a dentist uses torestore the normal function of a tooth or an area in the mouth. It can be afilling, a crown, a bridge, etc.

Retainer

A device used for maintainingthe position of teeth in the jaw in orthodontic treatment.

Retreatment

The process of repeating theroot canal treatment.

Root

The bottom part of tooth. Itanchors the tooth to its supporting units.

Rootcanal

The canal that runs inside theroot of the tooth. It contains the nerves and blood vessels inside the tooth.

Rootcanal treatment

A treatment for the root canalinside the tooth.

Rootplaning

The action of cleaning the rootarea of teeth.

Rubberdam

A rubber sheet that fits aroundteeth. It isolates the treatment area from the rest of the oral cavity.

Scaling

The action of cleaning teethbelow the gumline.

Sealant

A thin layer of plastic-likematerial covering the grooves and pits on a tooth to prevent cavity.

Sedation

The use of medication to calm apatient.

SpaceMaintainer

An appliance to maintain thespace between teeth.

Splint

An appliance or a material toprevent movement of a mobile part.

TempromandibularJoint (TMJ)

The joint that links the twoparts of the jaw.

Torus

An outgrowth of bone. Itusually develops on the roof of the mouth or around the premolar area on thelower jaw.

U

Veneer

A layer of tooth-coloredmaterial (can be porcelain, composite, or ceramics) that attaches to the frontof the tooth. It is usually used to improve the appearance of the tooth.

Wisdomtooth

The eighth (also the last)tooth from the middle of the jaw.

Xerostomia

Dry mouth

Y

Z

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